Copyright and Open Access


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The financial rights of all articles published in The Journal of Communication and Social Studies, in particular all kinds of public transmission, printing and copyright rights, including processing, reproduction, representation, printing, publication, distribution and transmission via the Internet. It belongs to the Communication and Social Studies Association.

The rights of use for academic content published in The Journal of Communication and Social Studies are licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND4.0) unless otherwise noted. With this license, the academic content published in the journal can be downloaded or shared by complying with the citation rules but cannot be changed or used for commercial purposes.

Creative Commons copyright licenses and tools strike a balance within the traditional "all rights reserved" structure established by law.

The copyrights of our journal have the following features;

  1. No registration is required for copyright to arise. Rights on intellectual and artistic works arise with the production of the work. Copyrights have an abstract nature. They are intangible goods created by human thought, protected by copyright. Copyrights have a separate and independent existence and legal value from the material in which they are embodied.
  2. The principle of territoriality applies to copyrights. In which country the protection is requested, the protection conditions are determined according to the legislation of that country.
  3. It has the character of absolute right. Copyrights can be claimed against anyone. However, various restrictions have been imposed on this absolute right for reasons such as the protection of the public interest. Limitations on the absolute right: It consists of limitations brought for reasons such as public order, general morality, public interest, and exceptions brought for the benefit of private interest (personal use, etc.). (For example, it is possible for a work to be reproduced for private use without profit.)
  4. Intellectual property rights are protected for a certain period of time (70 years for intellectual and artistic works, etc.). Intellectual products have a separate and independent legal status from the material they embody.
  5. Intellectual products are regulated within the framework of special laws, statutes and regulations.

However, users can refer to the published full texts of the articles.

Open Access Policy

All issues of The Journal of Communication and Social Studies are available online in accordance with the open-access policies of the Budapest Open Access Initiative.

Budapest Open Access Initiative

An old tradition and a new technology have combined to enable unprecedented public interest. The old tradition is for scientists to publish their work outputs in academic journals free of charge, at their own request, in order to share research results and knowledge. The new technology is the Internet. The public interest includes the worldwide electronic distribution of peer-reviewed journal literature. It enables completely unrestricted and free access to this literature for scientists, researchers, teachers, students and enthusiasts. Removing barriers to access to scientific literature paves the way for the acceleration of research, the development of education, the sharing of information between the rich and the poor, the poor and the rich, making this literature as applicable as possible, and the unification of humanity in a standard intellectual view and information-seeking environment.

Such free online use, which we refer to as open access, is restricted to a small fraction of journal literature for various reasons. Despite this limited collection, many different initiatives have demonstrated that open access is economically viable. Open access gives readers the extra power to find and leverage literature resources. It provides broad and measurable new environments of visibility to authors and their work, increasing readership and influence. We call on all interested institutions and individuals to help secure these gains for all, make the rest of the literature accessible, and remove the barriers ahead, especially the price barrier. As the number of supporters of this initiative increases, the benefits of open access will begin to be seen together and more quickly.

The literature that scientists present to the world without the expectation of pay should be freely available online. This category primarily covers peer-reviewed journal articles; however, preprints of unpeered studies published by authors to receive comments or to share important research results with colleagues are also included in this category. There are many degrees and types of wider and easier access to scientific literature. In this declaration, open access is used in the meaning of "the ability to access, read, save, copy, print, scan, link to the full text, index, transfer to software and use for any legal purpose, without financial, legal and technical barriers, of scientific literature through the Internet". Restriction on reproduction-distribution and the role of copyright in this field; should be given to authors to check the integrity of their own work so that they can be properly recognized and cited.

Although peer-reviewed journal literature is freely available to readers online, open-access journal publishing is not without cost. However, experience shows that the overall costs in open access are much lower than in traditional forms of distribution. Open access provides an opportunity to save money while expanding the scope of information dissemination. However, there is also a strong incentive for professional associations, universities, libraries, foundations and other institutions to embrace open access to improve their services. Realizing open access will require new cost-sharing models and financing mechanisms, but significantly reducing the total cost of distribution is an indication that the goal is an attainable outcome, not just preferable or utopian.

We recommend using two complementary strategies to ensure open access to scholarly journal literature:

  1. Personal Archiving: First, scientists need help and tools when placing their peer-reviewed journal articles in open electronic archives, called personal archiving. When these archives comply with the standards established by the Open Access Initiative, search engines and other tools can treat individual archives as a single archive. Thus, users do not need to know which archives exist and where they are located in order to find archives and benefit from their contents.
  1. Open Access Journals: Second, scientists need a tool/method to start publishing the next generation journals that support open access and contribute to journals that choose to switch to open access. Since journal articles should reach the widest possible audience, copyrights will not be invoked to limit access and use of material published in these new journals. In the next process, copyrights and other tools will be used to ensure the permanence of all published articles in open access, rather than blocking them. Because the price is a barrier to access, these new journals do not charge subscription or access fees and turn to other methods to cover costs. For this purpose; Funds and governments that fund research, universities and laboratories that employ researchers, grants made by disciplines or institutions to support research, open access supporters, proceeds from the sale of essential text plugins will be freed from the closure or cancellation of journals that receive traditional subscription or access fees There are many alternative sources of funding, such as funds or even self-involvement of researchers. Not all branches of science or nations have to accept any of these solutions, and the search for different and creative alternatives should not be abandoned.

            The goal is to have the peer-reviewed journal literature open access. (I) Personal archiving and new generation (II) open access journals are methods of achieving this goal. As well as being directly targeted tools, they also bring academics directly to each other without waiting for changes brought about by the market or legislation. In addition to supporting the two strategies outlined, we also encourage experimenting with more ways to move from existing distribution methods to open access. Flexibility, experimentation and adaptation in local conditions are the best ways to ensure rapid, safe and long-lasting progress in different environments.

            Founded by the philanthropist George Soros, the Open Society Institute is dedicated to providing resources and essential aid to cause awareness. The Foundation will use its resources and influence to promote expansion and personal archiving, the publication of new open access journals, and the economic viability of an open-access journal system. While the commitment and resources of the Open Society Institute are important, this initiative also needs other institutions/organizations to contribute with their strengths and resources.

            We invite governments, universities, libraries, journal editors, publishers, foundations, intellectuals, professional organizations and scientists to share our vision, join us in removing barriers to open access and build a freer education and research environment around the world.