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Creative Commons copyright licenses and tools strike a balance within the traditional "all rights reserved" structure established by law.
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Open Access Policy
All issues of The Journal of Communication and Social Studies are available online in accordance with the open-access policies of the Budapest Open Access Initiative.
Budapest Open Access Initiative
An old tradition and a new technology have combined to enable unprecedented public interest. The old tradition is for scientists to publish their work outputs in academic journals free of charge, at their own request, in order to share research results and knowledge. The new technology is the Internet. The public interest includes the worldwide electronic distribution of peer-reviewed journal literature. It enables completely unrestricted and free access to this literature for scientists, researchers, teachers, students and enthusiasts. Removing barriers to access to scientific literature paves the way for the acceleration of research, the development of education, the sharing of information between the rich and the poor, the poor and the rich, making this literature as applicable as possible, and the unification of humanity in a standard intellectual view and information-seeking environment.
Such free online use, which we refer to as open access, is restricted to a small fraction of journal literature for various reasons. Despite this limited collection, many different initiatives have demonstrated that open access is economically viable. Open access gives readers the extra power to find and leverage literature resources. It provides broad and measurable new environments of visibility to authors and their work, increasing readership and influence. We call on all interested institutions and individuals to help secure these gains for all, make the rest of the literature accessible, and remove the barriers ahead, especially the price barrier. As the number of supporters of this initiative increases, the benefits of open access will begin to be seen together and more quickly.
The literature that scientists present to the world without the expectation of pay should be freely available online. This category primarily covers peer-reviewed journal articles; however, preprints of unpeered studies published by authors to receive comments or to share important research results with colleagues are also included in this category. There are many degrees and types of wider and easier access to scientific literature. In this declaration, open access is used in the meaning of "the ability to access, read, save, copy, print, scan, link to the full text, index, transfer to software and use for any legal purpose, without financial, legal and technical barriers, of scientific literature through the Internet". Restriction on reproduction-distribution and the role of copyright in this field; should be given to authors to check the integrity of their own work so that they can be properly recognized and cited.
Although peer-reviewed journal literature is freely available to readers online, open-access journal publishing is not without cost. However, experience shows that the overall costs in open access are much lower than in traditional forms of distribution. Open access provides an opportunity to save money while expanding the scope of information dissemination. However, there is also a strong incentive for professional associations, universities, libraries, foundations and other institutions to embrace open access to improve their services. Realizing open access will require new cost-sharing models and financing mechanisms, but significantly reducing the total cost of distribution is an indication that the goal is an attainable outcome, not just preferable or utopian.
We recommend using two complementary strategies to ensure open access to scholarly journal literature:
The goal is to have the peer-reviewed journal literature open access. (I) Personal archiving and new generation (II) open access journals are methods of achieving this goal. As well as being directly targeted tools, they also bring academics directly to each other without waiting for changes brought about by the market or legislation. In addition to supporting the two strategies outlined, we also encourage experimenting with more ways to move from existing distribution methods to open access. Flexibility, experimentation and adaptation in local conditions are the best ways to ensure rapid, safe and long-lasting progress in different environments.
Founded by the philanthropist George Soros, the Open Society Institute is dedicated to providing resources and essential aid to cause awareness. The Foundation will use its resources and influence to promote expansion and personal archiving, the publication of new open access journals, and the economic viability of an open-access journal system. While the commitment and resources of the Open Society Institute are important, this initiative also needs other institutions/organizations to contribute with their strengths and resources.
We invite governments, universities, libraries, journal editors, publishers, foundations, intellectuals, professional organizations and scientists to share our vision, join us in removing barriers to open access and build a freer education and research environment around the world.